Jyväskylä with 133 000 inhabitants, is one of Finland’s five most important centres of growth. Jyväskylä
Jyväskylä town was founded in 1837 by Nicolas I, Czar of Russia.The decisive step concerning the development of the town was the foundation of two schools: a Lyceum in 1858 and a Teacher Training College in 1863. These were the first educational institutions in Finland where education was given in the Finnish language instead of Swedish. In the end of the 19th century the sawmill industry gave prosperity to town and many townhouses and other buildings were constructed. The arrival of steamship and railway also contributed to the development. With industrialization the need for houses grew and in consequence many residential areas for workers were built in the late 19th century and in the beginning of the 20th century. In 1950′ the population was already 37 000 and blocks of flats begun to replace the wooden buildings. But it wasn’t until 1960′ and 70′ that people started to move further from the town centre into the suburban areas. Today, Jyväskylä is a lively and rapidly growing regional centre with 133 000 inhabitants and with a surface area of 1466,5 km2.
Jyväskylä is a prominent school and university city with 45.000 students during the academic year. The adult population is amongst the most highly educated in the country.The University of Jyväskylä (https://www.jyu.fi/en/),the JAMK University of Applied Sciences (http://www.jamk.fi/english/aboutus) and the Air Force Academy provide some of Finland’s most highly sought after university places. The University of Jyväskylä is home to Finland’s first Faculty of Information Technology and the only Faculty of Sport and Health Sciences, a strong Faculty of Natural Sciences and a highly extensive range of study programmes in Humanities, Economics and Social Sciences. The orientation of JAMK’s education and the contents of the various curricula are based on the needs of working life.The Air Force Academy is located at Tikkakoski in Jyväskylä. It is a Finnish Air Force pilot training school, which gives initial pilot training for conscripts of the Finnish Air Force.
Tourism & culture
Jyväskylä is especially known for its rich variety of culture: museums, art exhibitions, concerts, events and theatre performances. The festival-summer of the city begins with Jyväskylä Arts Festival, the oldest culture festival in Finland. The Alvar Aalto Symposium and Alvar Aalto Design Seminar, held at three-year intervals, bring hundreds of architects and designers from all over the world to Jyväskylä. Jyväskylä is the hometown of the world-famous architect Alvar Aalto and houses several buildings designed by him. The Alvar Aalto Museum (http://www.alvaraalto.fi/museum/museum.htm) familiarises the visitor with the life and work of this great talent. Synsam Lake Päijänne Sailing Race is the largest regatta on inland waterways in the Nordic countries. The Neste Oil Rally World Championship race is the biggest sports event in Nordic countries gathering yearly over 500.000 spectators.Jyväskylä –the City of Light is the forerunner in outdoor lighting systems. Investments are being made in to develop the city’s lighting system so that the correct use of light creates security,is scenically valued and takes environmental effects into consideration. (http://www.jyvaskyla.fi/yhdyskuntatoimi/cityoflight).
Jyväskylä is ideally situated in the centre of the country with excellent educational and research facilities.Traditionally the Jyväskylä region has relied on the forest and metal industries and more recently on information and communication technology. Jyväskylä has special expertise in the fields of paper manufacturing and paper machinery, as well as energy production, environmental, nano and information technology. The focuses of attention in the region’s primary branches are the production and use of bioenergy, forest industry processes, as well as areas of emphasis in environmental technology such as biogas technology. Jyväskylä Regional Development Company Jykes Ltd. (http://www.jykes.fi/?action=etusivu&sivusto=&kieli=1) creates a favourable business environment and will improve the co-operation between companies and the public sector. Jyväskylä Innovation Ltd. (http://www.jklinnovation.fi/en) is a development company that aims to make the Jyväskylä region an internationally thriving, technological growth centre for benefiting its diversified branches. The task of the Jyväskylä Innovation Ltd. is to develop innovation environment and technological clusters, and to carry out the Jyväskylä Region Centre of Expertise Programme. TechnopolisJyväskylä(http://www.technopolis.fi/facilities/jyvaskyla) is providing the optimal operating environment for technology companies.Human Tech Center Finland, a centre for expertise in Jyväskylä,has strengths in the humanities blend with leading-edge technology.:bit.ly/Human_Tech_Center_Finland_NEWS
Jyväskylä hosts a variety of national and international conferences and trade fairs every year. The Congress and Trade Fair Centre JyväskyläPaviljonki (http://www.jklpaviljonki.fi/eng/index.php) a modern highly equipped and versatile conference centre, provides excellent facilities for all kinds of events. Besides culture and events, nature is always near to the city. Jyväskylä is situated in a beautiful lake district with excellent possibilities for outdoor activities.
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